Crude oil prices fell sharply at the end of last week and have extended their losses at the start of this new week. Oil prices have fallen because of various reasons, chief among them being a rallying US dollar and a sharp rise in risk aversion. This is evidenced, for example, by the slumping global stock markets, and rallying safe-haven government bond prices, yen and gold. Investors are spooked about the prospects of a UK exit from the EU, the economic impact of a potential US rate rise in the summer, and renewed demand concerns out of China.
In addition, there signs that US oil producers are beginning to drill for crude again now that prices have recovered to around $50 a barrel. According to Baker Hughes, the oil rig count rose by an additional three rigs last week after increasing by nine the week before. This is something that we have been repeatedly warned about in recent weeks as oil prices surged higher. Although the oil rally could still go north of $60 and reach even $70, this serves as a reminder that the global supply glut is unlikely to be eradicated completely any time soon, even if the market appears to be a lot tighter than it was at the start of the year thanks to unscheduled global production outages and a decline in US oil production.
In addition to the above, there may also be a case made that prices have gone too far, too fast. But the selling could come to an abrupt halt depending on the outcome of this week’s US inventories reports from the API (Tuesday) and EIA (Wednesday). But oil market investors will also need a helping hand from the Fed on Wednesday. The US central bank has already hinted strongly that a rate rise this week will almost certainly won’t happen. If the Fed signals that a July hike is also not on the agenda then this could provide oil – vis-à-vis a weaker dollar – some support.
Technical outlook: WTI
Following last week’s sell-off, the weekly chart of WTI (in the inset) is left with a “Gravestone Doji” candlestick pattern. This is formed when the opening and closing prices are roughly the same and at the low of the candle. There is also a long upper shadow, or a wick, which suggests that the previous buying pressure was countered by selling. In short, this pattern usually, but not always, suggests that the direction of the trend may be nearing a turning point. But it is not always as simple as that, and in this case, there is also a couple of other things to take into account. For one, the RSI on daily time frame had been severely overbought, so a near-term pullback was almost inventible. The momentum indicator may need to unwind further either through time or price action before the buyers step back in. For another, the prior swing high was at $50.90, where lots of bullish traders were probably looking to book profit around anyway.
It looks like the false break above this $50.90 level may have trapped some late joiners, some of whom have undoubtedly been forced to exit their long positions by now. If the trend is still bullish then we should see some re-load buying activity once WTI nears or tests some key support levels. So we could see some sellers being trapped here now that WTI’s weekly chart has formed a bearish-looking pattern inside what still is a bullish trend. So the sellers need to be wary of that possibility especially after a sharp three-day countertrend move and as the short momentum indicators are, all of a sudden, at “oversold” levels. In fact, the support tend of bullish channel is now not too far off at around the $47.60-$48.00 area. Here, we may see buying activity, not least because of profit-taking from the sellers. However if the bullish channel breaks down then we may see an even deeper pullback before oil makes its next move. In any case, the bulls now need a move back above the prior swing high of $50.90.
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